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Section XVI : Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment; parts thereof, sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

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Nuclear reactors; fuel elements (cartridges), non-irradiated, for nuclear reactors; machinery and apparatus for isotopic separation
Steam or other vapour generating boilers (other than central heating hot water boilers capable also of producing low pressure steam); superheated water boilers
Central heating boilers other than those of heading 8402
Auxiliary plant for use with boilers of heading 8402 or 8403 (for example, economisers, superheaters, soot removers, gas recoverers); condensers for steam or other vapour power units
Producer gas or water gas generators, with or without their purifiers; acetylene gas generators and similar water process gas generators, with or without their purifiers
Steam turbines and other vapour turbines
Spark-ignition reciprocating or rotary internal combustion piston engines
Compression-ignition internal combustion piston engines (diesel or semi-diesel engines)
Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the engines of heading 8407 or 8408
Hydraulic turbines, water wheels, and regulators therefor
Turbojets, turbopropellers and other gas turbines
Other engines and motors
Pumps for liquids, whether or not fitted with a measuring device; liquid elevators
Air or vacuum pumps, air or other gas compressors and fans; ventilating or recycling hoods incorporating a fan, whether or not fitted with filters
Air-conditioning machines, comprising a motor-driven fan and elements for changing the temperature and humidity, including those machines in which the humidity cannot be separately regulated
Furnace burners for liquid fuel, for pulverised solid fuel or for gas; mechanical stokers, including their mechanical grates, mechanical ash dischargers and similar appliances
Industrial or laboratory furnaces and ovens, including incinerators, non-electric
Refrigerators, freezers and other refrigerating or freezing equipment, electric or other; heat pumps other than air-conditioning machines of heading 8415
Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 8514), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting, distilling, rectifying, sterilising, pasteurising, steaming, drying, evaporating, vaporising, condensing or cooling, other than machinery or plant of a kind used for domestic purposes; instantaneous or storage water heaters, non-electric
Calendering or other rolling machines, other than for metals or glass, and cylinders therefor
Centrifuges, including centrifugal dryers; filtering or purifying machinery and apparatus, for liquids or gases
Dishwashing machines; machinery for cleaning or drying bottles or other containers; machinery for filling, closing, sealing or labelling bottles, cans, boxes, bags or other containers; machinery for capsuling bottles, jars, tubes and similar containers; other packing or wrapping machinery (including heat-shrink wrapping machinery); machinery for aerating beverages
Weighing machinery (excluding balances of a sensitivity of 5 cg or better), including weight-operated counting or checking machines; weighing machine weights of all kinds
Mechanical appliances (whether or not hand-operated) for projecting, dispersing or spraying liquids or powders; fire extinguishers, whether or not charged; spray guns and similar appliances; steam or sandblasting machines and similar jet projecting machines
Pulley tackle and hoists other than skip hoists; winches and capstans; jacks
Ships' derricks; cranes, including cable cranes; mobile lifting frames, straddle carriers and works trucks fitted with a crane
Fork-lift trucks; other works trucks fitted with lifting or handling equipment
Other lifting, handling, loading or unloading machinery (for example, lifts, escalators, conveyors, teleferics)
Self-propelled bulldozers, angledozers, graders, levellers, scrapers, mechanical shovels, excavators, shovel loaders, tamping machines and roadrollers
Other moving, grading, levelling, scraping, excavating, tamping, compacting, extracting or boring machinery, for earth, minerals or ores; piledrivers and pile extractors; snowploughs and snowblowers
Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the machinery of headings 8425 to 8430
Agricultural, horticultural or forestry machinery for soil preparation or cultivation; lawn or sports-ground rollers
Harvesting or threshing machinery, including straw or fodder balers; grass or hay mowers; machines for cleaning, sorting or grading eggs, fruit or other agricultural produce, other than machinery of heading 8437
Milking machines and dairy machinery
Presses, crushers and similar machinery used in the manufacture of wine, cider, fruit juices or similar beverages
Other agricultural, horticultural, forestry, poultry-keeping or bee-keeping machinery, including germination plant fitted with mechanical or thermal equipment; poultry incubators and brooders
Machines for cleaning, sorting or grading seed, grain or dried leguminous vegetables; machinery used in the milling industry or for the working of cereals or dried leguminous vegetables, other than farm-type machinery
Machinery, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter, for the industrial preparation or manufacture of food or drink, other than machinery for the extraction or preparation of animal or fixed vegetable fats or oils
Machinery for making pulp of fibrous cellulosic material or for making or finishing paper or paperboard
Bookbinding machinery, including book-sewing machines
Other machinery for making up paper pulp, paper or paperboard, including cutting machines of all kinds
Machinery, apparatus and equipment (other than the machines of headings 8456 to 8465) for preparing or making plates, cylinders or other printing components; plates, cylinders and other printing components; plates, cylinders and lithographic stones, prepared for printing purposes (for example, planed, grained or polished)
Printing machinery used for printing by means of plates, cylinders and other printing components of heading 8442; other printers, copying machines and facsimile machines, whether or not combined; parts and accessories thereof
Machines for extruding, drawing, texturing or cutting man-made textile materials
Machines for preparing textile fibres; spinning, doubling or twisting machines and other machinery for producing textile yarns; textile reeling or winding (including weft-winding) machines and machines for preparing textile yarns for use on the machines of heading 8446 or 8447
Weaving machines (looms)
Knitting machines, stitch-bonding machines and machines for making gimped yarn, tulle, lace, embroidery, trimmings, braid or net and machines for tufting
Auxiliary machinery for use with machines of heading 8444, 8445, 8446 or 8447 (for example, dobbies, jacquards, automatic stop motions, shuttle changing mechanisms); parts and accessories suitable for use solely or principally with the machines of this heading or of heading 8444, 8445, 8446 or 8447 (for example, spindles and spindle flyers, card clothing, combs, extruding nipples, shuttles, healds and heald-frames, hosiery needles)
Machinery for the manufacture or finishing of felt or nonwovens in the piece or in shapes, including machinery for making felt hats; blocks for making hats
Household or laundry-type washing machines, including machines which both wash and dry
Machinery (other than machines of heading 8450) for washing, cleaning, wringing, drying, ironing, pressing (including fusing presses), bleaching, dyeing, dressing, finishing, coating or impregnating textile yarns, fabrics or made-up textile articles and machines for applying the paste to the base fabric or other support used in the manufacture of floor coverings such as linoleum; machines for reeling, unreeling, folding, cutting or pinking textile fabrics
Sewing machines, other than book-sewing machines of heading 8440; furniture, bases and covers specially designed for sewing machines; sewing machine needles
Machinery for preparing, tanning or working hides, skins or leather or for making or repairing footwear or other articles of hides, skins or leather, other than sewing machines
Converters, ladles, ingot moulds and casting machines, of a kind used in metallurgy or in metal foundries
Metal-rolling mills and rolls therefor
Machine tools for working any material by removal of material, by laser or other light or photon beam, ultrasonic, electrodischarge, electrochemical, electron beam, ionic-beam or plasma arc processes; water-jet cutting machines
Machining centres, unit construction machines (single station) and multi-station transfer machines, for working metal
Lathes (including turning centres) for removing metal
Machine tools (including way-type unit head machines) for drilling, boring, milling, threading or tapping by removing metal, other than lathes (including turning centres) of heading 8458
Machine tools for deburring, sharpening, grinding, honing, lapping, polishing or otherwise finishing metal or cermets by means of grinding stones, abrasives or polishing products, other than gear cutting, gear grinding or gear finishing machines of heading 8461
Machine tools for planing, shaping, slotting, broaching, gear cutting, gear grinding or gear finishing, sawing, cutting-off and other machine tools working by removing metal or cermets, not elsewhere specified or included
Machine tools (including presses) for working metal by forging, hammering or die-stamping; machine tools (including presses) for working metal by bending, folding, straightening, flattening, shearing, punching or notching; presses for working metal or metal carbides, not specified above
Other machine tools for working metal or cermets, without removing material
Machine tools for working stone, ceramics, concrete, asbestos-cement or like mineral materials or for cold working glass
Machine tools (including machines for nailing, stapling, glueing or otherwise assembling) for working wood, cork, bone, hard rubber, hard plastics or similar hard materials
Parts and accessories suitable for use solely or principally with the machines of headings 8456 to 8465, including work or tool holders, self-opening dieheads, dividing heads and other special attachments for the machines; tool holders for any type of tool for working in the hand
Tools for working in the hand, pneumatic, hydraulic or with self-contained electric or non-electric motor
Machinery and apparatus for soldering, brazing or welding, whether or not capable of cutting, other than those of heading 8515; gas-operated surface tempering machines and appliances
Calculating machines and pocket-size data-recording, reproducing and displaying machines with calculating functions; accounting machines, postage-franking machines, ticket-issuing machines and similar machines, incorporating a calculating device; cash registers
Automatic data-processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included
Other office machines (for example, hectograph or stencil duplicating machines, addressing machines, automatic banknote dispensers, coin-sorting machines, coin-counting or -wrapping machines, pencil-sharpening machines, perforating or stapling machines)
Parts and accessories (other than covers, carrying cases and the like) suitable for use solely or principally with machines of headings 8470 to 8472
Machinery for sorting, screening, separating, washing, crushing, grinding, mixing or kneading earth, stone, ores or other mineral substances, in solid (including powder or paste) form; machinery for agglomerating, shaping or moulding solid mineral fuels, ceramic paste, unhardened cements, plastering materials or other mineral products in powder or paste form; machines for forming foundry moulds of sand
Machines for assembling electric or electronic lamps, tubes or valves or flashbulbs, in glass envelopes; machines for manufacturing or hot working glass or glassware
Automatic goods-vending machines (for example, postage stamp, cigarette, food or beverage machines), including money-changing machines
Machinery for working rubber or plastics or for the manufacture of products from these materials, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter
Machinery for preparing or making up tobacco, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter
Machines and mechanical appliances having individual functions, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter
Moulding boxes for metal foundry; mould bases; moulding patterns; moulds for metal (other than ingot moulds), metal carbides, glass, mineral materials, rubber or plastics
Taps, cocks, valves and similar appliances for pipes, boiler shells, tanks, vats or the like, including pressure-reducing valves and thermostatically controlled valves
Ball or roller bearings
Transmission shafts (including cam shafts and crank shafts) and cranks; bearing housings and plain shaft bearings; gears and gearing; ball or roller screws; gear boxes and other speed changers, including torque converters; flywheels and pulleys, including pulley blocks; clutches and shaft couplings (including universal joints)
Gaskets and similar joints of metal sheeting combined with other material or of two or more layers of metal; sets or assortments of gaskets and similar joints, dissimilar in composition, put up in pouches, envelopes or similar packings; mechanical seals
Machines and apparatus of a kind used solely or principally for the manufacture of semiconductor boules or wafers, semiconductor devices, electronic integrated circuits or flat panel displays; machines and apparatus specified in note 9(C) to this chapter; parts and accessories
Machinery parts, not containing electrical connectors, insulators, coils, contacts or other electrical features, not specified or included elsewhere in this chapter

Chapter notes

  • 1 This chapter does not cover:
  • (a) millstones, grindstones or other articles of Chapter 68;
  • (b) machinery or appliances (for example, pumps) of ceramic material and ceramic parts of machinery or appliances of any material (Chapter 69);
  • (c) laboratory glassware (heading 7017); machinery, appliances or other articles for technical uses or parts thereof, of glass (heading 7019 or 7020);
  • (d) articles of heading 7321 or 7322 or similar articles of other base metals (Chapters 74 to 76 or 78 to 81);
  • (e) vacuum cleaners of heading 8508;
  • (f) electromechanical domestic appliances of heading 8509; digital cameras of heading 8525; or
  • (g) radiators for the articles of Section XVII; or
  • (h) hand-operated mechanical floor sweepers, not motorised (heading 9603).
  • 2 Subject to the operation of note 3 to Section XVI and subject to note 9 to this chapter, a machine or appliance which answers to a description in one or more of the headings 8401 to 8424, or heading 8486 and at the same time to a description in one or other of the headings 8425 to 8480 is to be classified under the appropriate heading of the former group or under heading 8486, as the case may be, and not the latter group.
  • Heading 8419 does not, however, cover:
  • (a) germination plant, incubators or brooders (heading 8436);
  • (b) grain dampening machines (heading 8437);
  • (c) diffusing apparatus for sugar juice extraction (heading 8438);
  • (d) machinery for the heat treatment of textile yarns, fabrics or made-up textile articles (heading 8451); or
  • (e) machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, designed for mechanical operation, in which a change of temperature, even if necessary, is subsidiary.
  • Heading 8422 does not cover:
  • (a) sewing machines for closing bags or similar containers (heading 8452); or
  • (b) office machinery of heading 8472.
  • Heading 8424 does not cover:
  • (a) ink-jet printing machines (heading 8443); or
  • (b) water-jet cutting machines (heading 8456).
  • 3 A machine tool for working any material which answers to a description in heading 8456 and at the same time to a description in heading 8457, 8458, 8459, 8460, 8461, 8464 or 8465 is to be classified in heading 8456.
  • 4 Heading 8457 applies only to machine tools for working metal, other than lathes (including turning centres), which can carry out different types of machining operations either:
  • (a) by automatic tool change from a magazine or the like in conformity with a machining programme (machining centres),
  • (b) by the automatic use, simultaneously or sequentially, of different unit heads working on a fixed position workpiece (unit construction machines, single station); or
  • (c) by the automatic transfer of the workpiece to different unit heads (multi-station transfer machines).
  • 5 (A) For the purposes of heading 8471, the expression 'automatic data-processing machines' means machines, capable of
  • (1) storing the processing program or programs and at least the data immediately necessary for the execution of the program;
  • (2) being freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user;
  • (3) performing arithmetical computations specified by the user; and
  • (4) executing, without human intervention, a processing program which requires them to modify their execution, by logical decision during the processing run.
  • (B) Automatic data-processing machines may be in the form of systems consisting of a variable number of separate units.
  • (C) Subject to paragraphs (D) and (E) below, a unit is to be regarded as being a part of an automatic data processing system if it meets all the following conditions:
  • (1) it is of a kind solely or principally used in an automatic data-processing system;
  • (2) it is connectable to the central processing unit either directly or through one or more other units; and
  • (3) it is able to accept or deliver data in a form (codes or signals) which can be used by the system.
  • Separately presented units of an automatic data-processing machine are to be classified in heading 8471.
  • However keyboards, X-Y coordinate input devices and disk storage units which satisfy the conditions of paragraphs (C)(2) and (C)(3) above, are in all cases to be classified as units of heading 8471.
  • (D) Heading 8471 does not cover the following when presented separately, even if they meet all of the conditions set forth in note 5(C) above:
  • (1) printers, copying machines, facsimile machines, whether or not combined;
  • (2) apparatus for the transmission or reception of voice, images or other data, including apparatus for communication in a wired or wireless network (such as a local or wide area network);
  • (3) loudspeakers and microphones;
  • (4) television cameras, digital cameras and video camera recorders;
  • (5) monitors and projectors, not incorporating television reception apparatus.
  • (E) Machines incorporating or working in conjunction with an automatic data-processing machine and performing a specific function other than data processing are to be classified in the headings appropriate to their respective functions or, failing that, in residual headings.
  • 6 Heading 8482 applies, inter alia, to polished steel balls, the maximum and minimum diameters of which do not differ from the nominal diameter by more than 1% or by more than 0.05 mm, whichever is less.
  • Other steel balls are to be classified in heading 7326.
  • 7 A machine which is used for more than one purpose is, for the purposes of classification, to be treated as if its principal purpose were its sole purpose. Subject to note 2 to this chapter and note 3 to Section XVI, a machine the principal purpose of which is not described in any heading or for which no one purpose is the principal purpose is, unless the context otherwise requires, to be classified in heading 8479. Heading 8479 also covers machines for making rope or cable (for example, stranding, twisting or cabling machines) from metal wire, textile yarn or any other material or from a combination of such materials.
  • 8 For the purposes of heading 8470, the term 'pocket-size' applies only to machines the dimensions of which do not exceed 170 mm x 100 mm x 45 mm.
  • 9 (A) Notes 8(a) and 8(b) to Chapter 85 also apply with respect to the expressions 'semiconductor devices' and 'electronic integrated circuits', respectively, as used in this note and in heading 8486. However, for the purposes of this note and of heading 8486, the expression 'semiconductor devices' also covers photosensitive semiconductor devices and light emitting diodes.
  • (B) For the purposes of this note and of heading 8486, the expression 'manufacture of flat panel displays' covers the fabrication of substrates into a flat panel. It does not cover the manufacture of glass or the assembly of printed circuit boards or other electronic components onto the flat panel. The expression 'flat panel display' does not cover cathode-ray tube technology.
  • (C) Heading 8486 also includes machines and apparatus solely or principally of a kind used for:
  • (1) the manufacture or repair of masks and reticles;
  • (2) assembling semiconductor devices or electronic integrated circuits; and
  • (3) lifting, handling, loading or unloading of boules, wafers, semiconductor devices, electronic integrated circuits and flat panel displays.
  • (D) Subject to note 1 to Section XVI and note 1 to Chapter 84, machines and apparatus answering to the description in heading 8486 are to be classified in that heading and in no other heading of the classification. ## Subheading notes ##
  • 1 For the purposes of subheading 8465 20, the term “machining centres” applies only to machine-tools for working wood, cork, bone, hard rubber, hard plastics or similar hard materials, which can carry out different types of machining operations by automatic tool change from a magazine or the like in conformity with a machining programme.
  • 2 For the purposes of subheading 8471 49, the term ‘systems’ means automatic data-processing machines whose units satisfy the conditions laid down in note 5(C) to Chapter 84 and which comprise at least a central processing unit, one input unit (for example, a keyboard or a scanner), and one output unit (for example, a visual display unit or a printer).
  • 3 For the purposes of subheading 8481 20, the expression “valves for oleohydraulic or pneumatic transmissions” means valves which are used specifically in the transmission of “fluid power” in a hydraulic or pneumatic system, where the energy source is supplied in the form of pressurised fluids (liquid or gas). These valves may be of any type (for example, pressure-reducing type, check type). Subheading 8481 20 takes precedence over all other subheadings of heading 8481.
  • 4 Subheading 8482 40 applies only to bearings with cylindrical rollers of a uniform diameter not exceeding 5 mm and having a length which is at least three times the diameter. The ends of the rollers may be rounded. ## Additional chapter notes ##
  • 1 For the purposes of subheadings 8407 10 and 8409 10, the expression 'aircraft engines' shall apply only to engines designed for fitting with an airscrew or rotor.
  • 2 Subheading 8471 70 30 shall also apply to CD-ROM drives, being storage units for automatic data processing machines, which consist of drive units designed for retrieving the signals from CD-ROMs, audio CDs and photo CDs and equipped with a jack for earphones, a volume-control button or a start/stop button.

Section notes

  • 1 This section does not cover:
  • (a) transmission or conveyor belts or belting, of plastics of Chapter 39, or of vulcanised rubber (heading 4010); or other articles of a kind used in machinery or mechanical or electrical appliances or for other technical uses, of vulcanised rubber other than hard rubber (heading 4016);
  • (b) articles of leather or of composition leather (heading 4205) or of furskin (heading 4303), of a kind used in machinery or mechanical appliances or for other technical uses;
  • (c) bobbins, spools, cops, cones, cores, reels or similar supports, of any material (for example, Chapter 39, 40, 44 or 48 or Section XV);
  • (d) perforated cards for jacquard or similar machines (for example, Chapter 39 or 48 or Section XV);
  • (e) transmission or conveyor belts or belting, of textile material (heading 5910) or other articles of textile material for technical uses (heading 5911);
  • (f) precious or semi-precious stones (natural, synthetic or reconstructed) of headings 7102 to 7104, or articles wholly of such stones of heading 7116, except unmounted worked sapphires and diamonds for styli (heading 8522);
  • (g) parts of general use, as defined in note 2 to Section XV, of base metal (Section XV), or similar goods of plastics (Chapter 39);
  • (h) drill pipe (heading 7304);
  • (ij) endless belts of metal wire or strip (Section XV);
  • (k) articles of Chapter 82 or 83;
  • (l) articles of Section XVII;
  • (m) articles of Chapter 90;
  • (n) clocks, watches or other articles of Chapter 91;
  • (o) interchangeable tools of heading 8207 or brushes of a kind used as parts of machines (heading 9603); similar interchangeable tools are to be classified according to the constituent material of their working part (for example, in Chapter 40, 42, 43, 45 or 59 or heading 6804 or 6909);
  • (p) articles of Chapter 95; or
  • (q) typewriter or similar ribbons, whether or not on spools or in cartridges (classified according to their constituent material, or in heading 9612 if inked or otherwise prepared for giving impressions), or monopods, bipods, tripods and similar articles, of heading 9620.
  • 2 Subject to note 1 to this section, note 1 to Chapter 84 and to note 1 to Chapter 85, parts of machines (not being parts of the articles of heading 8484, 8544, 8545, 8546 or 8547) are to be classified according to the following rules:
  • (a) Parts which are goods included in any of the headings of Chapter 84 or 85 (other than headings 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8487, 8503, 8522, 8529, 8538 and 8548) are in all cases to be classified in their respective headings.
  • (b) Other parts, if suitable for use solely or principally with a particular kind of machine, or with a number of machines of the same heading (including a machine of heading 8479 or 8543) are to be classified with the machines of that kind or in heading 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8503, 8522, 8529 or 8538 as appropriate. However, parts which are equally suitable for use principally with the goods of headings 8517 and 8525 to 8528 are to be classified in heading 8517.
  • (c) All other parts are to be classified in heading 8409, 8431, 8448, 8466, 8473, 8503, 8522, 8529 or 8538 as appropriate or, failing that, in heading 8487 or 8548.
  • 3 Unless the context otherwise requires, composite machines consisting of two or more machines fitted together to form a whole and other machines designed for the purpose of performing two or more complementary or alternative functions are to be classified as if consisting only of that component or as being that machine which performs the principal function.
  • 4 Where a machine (including a combination of machines) consists of individual components (whether separate or interconnected by piping, by transmission devices, by electric cables or by other devices) intended to contribute together to a clearly defined function covered by one of the headings in Chapter 84 or 85, then the whole falls to be classified in the heading appropriate to that function.
  • 5 For the purposes of these notes, the expression ‘machine’ means any machine, machinery, plant, equipment, apparatus or appliance cited in the headings of Chapter 84 or 85. ## Additional section notes ##
  • 1 Tools necessary for the assembly or maintenance of machines are to be classified with those machines if imported with them. Interchangeable tools imported with machines are also to be classified therewith if they form part of the normal equipment of the machines and are normally sold with them.
  • 2 The provisions of general rule of interpretation 2(a) are also applicable, at the request of the declarant and subject to conditions stipulated by the Customs authorities, to machines imported in split consignments.
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